International Panel on Fissile Materials: Members

Program on Science and Global Security - Princeton University

Harold Feiveson is a Senior Research Scientist and Lecturer in Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. He has a Ph.D. in public affairs from Princeton University (1972). Feiveson is the editor of the journal Science & Global Security. His research focus has been on nuclear arms control and nuclear weapons proliferation. With Frank von Hippel, he co-founded and co-directed the Program on Science and Global Security until July 2006.

Alexander Glaser is an Assistant Professor jointly in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) at Princeton University. He directs the Nuclear Futures Laboratory in MAE. Glaser received his Ph.D. in physics (2005) from Darmstadt University of Technology in Germany. He is on the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and a Co-Editor of Science & Global Security.

Zia Mian is a Research Scientist in Princeton University's Program on Science and Global Security and directs its Project on Peace and Security in South Asia. He has a Ph.D. in physics (1991) from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. His research interests are in nuclear-weapon and nuclear-energy policy in South Asia. He is a Co-Editor of Science & Global Security.

Pavel Podvig (Russia) is a researcher at the Program on Science and Global Security and a Senior Research Fellow at the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR). He began his work on security issues at the Center for Arms Control Studies at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), which was the first independent research organization in Russia dedicated to analysis of technical issues related to arms control and disarmament. Podvig directs his own research project, Russian Nuclear Forces ( He is also a Co-Editor of Science & Global Security.

M. V. Ramana (India) is currently a Research Scholar jointly with Princeton University's Program on Science and Global Security and the Nuclear Futures Laboratory. He has a Ph.D. in physics (1994) from Boston University; has held research positions at the University of Toronto, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Princeton University; and has taught at Boston University, Princeton University, and Yale University. His research has focused on India's nuclear energy and weapon programs.

Frank von Hippel is Senior Research Physicist and Professor of Public and International Affairs emeritus at Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson of Public and International Affairs. He has a Ph.D. in nuclear physics (1962) from Oxford University. He co-founded Princeton's Program on Science and Global Security with Feiveson. He has worked on fissile material policy issues for the past 35 years, including contributing to: ending the U.S. program to foster the commercialization of plutonium breeder reactors; convincing the U.S. and Soviet Union to embrace the idea of a Fissile Material Production Cutoff Treaty; launching the U.S.-Russian cooperative nuclear materials protection, control and accounting program; and broadening efforts to eliminate the use of HEU in civilian nuclear reactors worldwide.

International participants

Anatoli Diakov (Russia) is a Professor of Physics (PhD in 1975) and, from 1991 to 2011, Director of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russia's MIT). Diakov has written papers on nuclear arms reductions, the history of Russia's plutonium production, disposition options for excess plutonium, and the feasibility of converting Russia's icebreaker reactors from highly enriched to low-enriched uranium as well as on many other topics relating to nuclear arms control and disarmament.

Jean du Preez (South Africa) is Chief, External Relations and International Cooperation of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization in Vienna. Previously, he was Director of the International Organizations and Non-proliferation Program of the Monterey Institute for International Studies' Center for Non-proliferation Studies and, before that, served for 17 years in the South African Ministry of Foreign Affairs, including as Deputy-Director for non-proliferation and disarmament and as a Senior Political Counselor for Disarmament Affairs at South Africa's Permanent Mission to the United Nations. During that time, he represented his country at several international negotiating meetings, including the 1995 and 2000 NPT Review Conferences.

José Goldemberg (Brazil) has a PhD in nuclear physics (1954). He was Rector of the University of São Paolo (1986-90), Federal Minister of Science and Technology (1990-91), and Federal Minister of Education (1991-92) and has been the Minister of Environment of São Paolo since 2002. While Brazil's Minister of Science and Technology, Goldemberg persuaded President Collor de Mello to end Brazil's nuclear-weapons program, which led Argentina to shut its program down as well under monitoring by a joint Argentine-Brazil inspectorate. Goldemberg is best known for his work on global energy (including the future of nuclear energy and its consequences) and environment issues, which resulted in him being a co-recipient of Sweden's Volvo Environmental Prize in 2000.

Pervez Hoodbhoy (Pakistan) is professor of physics at Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. He holds a Ph.D in nuclear physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is the recipient of the Abdus Salam Prize for Mathematics, the Baker Award for Electronics, Faiz Ahmad Faiz Prize for contributions to education in Pakistan, and the UNESCO Kalinga Prize for the popularization of science. He has been a visiting professor at MIT, Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Maryland, and the Stanford Linear Accelerator. Dr. Hoodbhoy is a member of the Pugwash Council, and a sponsor of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. He is frequently invited to comment on nuclear and political matters in Pakistani and international media.

Rebecca Johnson (United Kingdom) is the founder and director of the Acronym Institute and editor of the highly regarded journal Disarmament Diplomacy, which tracks international negotiations on arms control issues. She serves as Special advisor to the Middle Powers Initiative, the Nobel Women's Initiative, Peace Depot (Japan), Center for Policy Studies (PIR, Moscow) and the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). She is Vice President of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (UK) and co-founder of the Aldermaston Women's Peace Camp(aign). She was a Board Member and Vice Chair of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and Senior Advisor to the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission, chaired by Dr Hans Blix (2004-2006). Her book, Unfinished Business, on civil society and government strategies to achieve the CTBT was published by the United Nations in May 2009.

Martin Kalinowski (Germany) holds a PhD in nuclear physics (1997) dealing with international tritium control. For a decade he has been scientific assistant in the Interdisciplinary Research Group on Science, Technology, and Security (IANUS) at Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, Germany. In October 1998, Martin Kalinowski joined the International Data Center of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), Vienna, Austria. His research focused on the development of analysis methods for atmospheric xenon gas samples. During the spring term 2005, he served as Assistant Professor in the Department for Nuclear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering (NPRE) and was faculty member of the Program in Arms Control, Disarmament and International Security (ACDIS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. From March 2006, he is full professor for Science and Peace Research and director of the newly established Carl-Friedrich von Weizsäcker Center for Science and Peace Research at the University of Hamburg, Germany. His research agenda deals with novel measurement technologies as well as nuclear and meteorological modeling of atmospheric radioactivity monitoring as a means to detect clandestine nuclear activities like plutonium separation and nuclear testing. From April 2012, Martin Kalinowski is on leave from the University Hamburg to hold the position as Chief, Capacity Building and Training Section at the PTS of the CTBTO PrepCom in Vienna.

Jungmin Kang (South Korea) has a PhD in Nuclear Engineering from Tokyo University (1999) and spent two years with Princeton's Program on Science and Global Security (1998-2000). He is currently visiting professor at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. Kang has authored and co-authored articles on verifying DPRK's plutonium production, nuclear security and safety nexus, radioactive-waste management, spent-fuel storage, the proliferation-resistance of closed fuel cycles, plutonium disposition and the history of South Korea's explorations of a nuclear-weapon option. He has contributed many popular articles to South Korea's newspapers and magazines about spent-fuel issues and North Korea's nuclear-weapon program.

Patricia Lewis (Ireland and United Kingdom) has a PhD in nuclear physics (1981) and is the Research Director for International Security at Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London. Previously she served as Deputy Director and Scientist-in-Residence of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, she served as Director of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) and as Director of the Verification Technology and Information Centre (VERTIC) in London. Dr. Lewis was an Advisor to the International Commission on Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament (ICNND) established by the governments of Australia and Japan. She was a Commissioner on the 2004-2006 Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission, chaired by Dr. Hans Blix, and in 1998-99, she served as a Member of the Tokyo Forum for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Disarmament. She previously served as an external reviewer for the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.

Li Bin (China) received his Bachelor and Master Degrees in Physics from Peking University and his Ph. D. from China Academy of Engineering Physics. In 1993, he joined the Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics (IAPCM) as a research fellow working on Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty supporting Chinese negotiation team. In 1994, Dr. Li received a post-doctoral fellowship on peace and security. He then spent his first fellowship year at the Defense and Arms Control Studies Program at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the second year at the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies at Princeton University. In the summer of 1996, Dr. Li went back to IAPCM in Beijing, where he was appointed director of Arms Control Division and the executive deputy director of the Program for Science and National Security Studies. Dr. Li attended the last round of CTBT negotiations as a technical advisor to the Chinese negotiation team. In 1999, Dr. Li left IAPCM to establish the Institute of Science and Public Affairs based at China Youth College for Political Science. At the end of 2000, he joined the faculty of Tsinghua University. Now he is professor on international studies and the director of Arms Control Program at the Institute of International Studies, Tsinghua University.

Gordon MacKerron (United Kingdom) was until 2014 Director of Science and Technology Policy Research (SPRU) and a professor in the School of Business, Management and Economics at Sussex University. He previously directed the Energy Group within SPRU and in 2001 was Deputy leader of the UK Government's Energy Review team. He was founding chair of the UK government's independent Committee on Radioactive Waste Management (2003-2007). In 2010, he was appointed for a three year term to the UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution to advise the Queen, the UK government, parliament and the public on environmental issues.

Miguel Marín Bosch (Mexico) is a retired career diplomat currently teaching courses on nuclear disarmament and international security. He had a long career in Mexico's foreign service, ending up as Deputy Minister for Asia, Africa, Europe and Multilateral Affairs. During the early 1990s, he was Mexico's Ambassador to the Conference on Disarmament and chair of the Comprehensive Test Ban Negotiations during the first year of formal negotiations (1994).

Yves Marignac (France) is Executive Director of the energy-information agency WISE-Paris, which he joined in 1997 after four years shared between academic research in Paris-XI University, applied studies in the French nuclear institute CEA and a position at the nuclear company STMI. He has authored or contributed to many publications and studies on energy, nuclear and global environmental issues. In 1999-2000, he participated in the economic evaluation of the nuclear option commissioned by France's Prime Minister, which resulted in what became known as the Charpin-Dessus-Pellat report. He also contributed to the 2001 report to the European Parliament's Scientific and Technological Option Assessment Panel on reprocessing plant discharges. In 2005-6, he was scientific and technical advisor to the commission preparing France's public debate on the new European Power Reactor and, in 2012-13 for the national energy debate.

Arend J. Meerburg (The Netherlands) has an MSc in nuclear reactor physics (1964). He worked some years in oceanography and meteorology (including in the Antarctic). He joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1970 and worked there until retirement in 2004. Most of that period he was involved in multilateral arms control matters, including the final negotiations in Geneva of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban treaty. He was involved in many NPT-matters, including the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE), discussions on an International Plutonium Storage regime (IPS), the Nuclear Suppliers Group etc. He also was a member of the IAEA expert-group on Multilateral Nuclear Approaches to sensitive parts of the fuel cycle, and ambassador to Yemen (1996-2000).

Paul Meyer (Canada) is an Adjunct Professor of International Studies and Centre for Dialogue Fellow at Simon Fraser University and a Senior Fellow at The Simons Foundation both in Vancouver. He retired from the Canadian Foreign Service in 2010 after a 35-year career, including diplomatic assignments in Oslo, Moscow, Brussels (NATO), Washington, Tokyo and from 2003-2007 in Geneva where he served as Canada's Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament. International security policy has been a professional focus and he has led Canadian delegations to several NPT meetings and writes extensively on arms control and disarmament topics.

Seyed Hossein Mousavian (Iran) is a Research Scholar at the Program on Science and Global Security. He is a former diplomat who served as Iran's Ambassador to Germany (1990-1997), head of the Foreign Relations Committee of Iran's National Security Council (1997-2005) and spokesman for Iran in its nuclear negotiations with the European Union (2003-5). He has taught at Islamic Azad University (Tehran), served as Vice President of Iran's official Center for Strategic Research (Tehran) and was editor in chief of the Tehran Times. Mousavian has a PhD in international relations from the University of Kent (UK). His work focuses on options for resolving the crisis over Iran's nuclear program through diplomacy, improving US-Iran relations and improving prospects for a nuclear weapon-free zone in the Middle East.

A. H. Nayyar (Pakistan) has a PhD in physics (1973) from Imperial College, London. He retired from the faculty of Quaid-i-Azam University (Pakistan's leading university) in 2005. He has been active in Pakistan's nuclear-weapon policy debate since 1997 and is a regular summer visitor with Princeton's Program on Science and Global Security since 1998. Nayyar has co-authored articles on nuclear-reactor safety, fissile-material production in South Asia, the consequences of nuclear war in South Asia, and the feasibility of remote monitoring of a moratorium on plutonium separation. He served as President of the Federation of Pakistani University Academic Staff Associations in 1989-90 and currently is President of Pakistan's Peace Coalition and Co-convener of Pugwash Pakistan. Nayyar writes regularly on nuclear-policy issues in the South Asian press.

R. Rajaraman (India) is Emeritus Professor of theoretical physics in the School of Physical Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University. He is a Fellow of the Indian Academy of Science and served as Vice President of the Indian National Science Academy (2011-2012). He has a Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Cornell University (with Hans Bethe, 1963). He has been contributing articles to India's nuclear-weapon debate since 1970 and has been a regular summer visitor with Princeton's Program on Science and Global Security since 2000. He has written on the dangers of accidental nuclear war and the limitations of civil defense. In recent years his focus has been on capping South Asia's nuclear arsenals.

Ole Reistad (Norway) is a Research Scientist with a joint appointment at the University of Oslo and the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority. He has a Ph.D. in physics (2008) from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. His work has focused primarily on highly enriched uranium issues and the security and safety of the naval spent nuclear fuel on Russia's Kola Peninsula. He is a co-organizer of the Norway-UK cooperative study on the verification of nuclear-warhead dismantlement.

Henrik Salander (Sweden) is presently a Senior Advisor to SIPRI, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. He was chair of the Middle Powers Initiative 2008-10, an NGO dedicated to elimination of nuclear weapons. Previously, he was Ambassador and Deputy Director-General of Sweden's Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Head of the Department for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation. During 2004 - 06, he was Secretary-General of the WMD Commission chaired by Hans Blix. He led Sweden's delegation to the 2000 NPT Review Conference where Sweden, along with the six other members of the New Agenda Coalition (Brazil, Egypt, Ireland, Mexico, New Zealand and South Africa), extracted from the NPT weapon states 13 specific commitments to steps toward ending the nuclear arms race, reducing their nuclear arsenals and the danger of nuclear use, and establishing a framework for irreversible disarmament. Salander was Sweden's Ambassador to the Geneva Conference on Disarmament (1999 - 2003) where he authored the 2002 "Five Ambassadors" Compromise Proposal to start negotiations on an FM(C)T and other treaties. He also chaired the 2002 session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2005 NPT Review Conference.

Annette Schaper (Germany) is a Senior Research Associate at the Peace Research Institute in Frankfurt. Her Ph.D. (1987) is in experimental physics from Düsseldorf University. She co-founded the Interdisciplinary Research Group in Science, Technology, and Security at the Institute of Nuclear Physics at the Darmstadt University of Technology. She was a part-time member of the German delegation to the negotiations on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and a member of the German delegation at the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference. Her research covers nuclear arms control and its technical aspects, including the test ban, a fissile material cut-off and verification of nuclear disarmament.

Mycle Schneider (France) is an independent energy and nuclear policy consultant. He is the convening lead author of the annual World Nuclear Industry Status Report. He founded the energy information agency WISE-Paris in 1983 and directed it until 2003. Since 1997 he has provided information and consulting services to several European governments, European Parliament Members, NGOs and think tanks. Between 2004 and 2009, he was in charge of the Environment and Energy Strategies lecture series for the International MSc in Project Management for Environmental and Energy Engineering Program at the French Ecole des Mines in Nantes. In 1997, along with Japan's Jinzaburo Takagi, he received Sweden's Right Livelihood Award "for serving to alert the world to the unparalleled dangers of plutonium to human life."

Tatsujiro Suzuki (Japan) is a Visiting Professor, Policy Alternatives Research Institute (PARI) at the University of Tokyo. For the past 20 years Suzuki has been deeply involved in providing technical and policy assessments of the international implications of Japan's plutonium fuel-cycle policies and in examining the feasibility of interim spent-fuel storage as an alternative. He has a Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from the University of Tokyo (1988). From January 2010 to March 2014 he served as Vice-Chairman of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission.

Johan Swahn (Sweden) is the Director of Sweden's NGO Office for Nuclear Waste Review (MKG), an independent nonprofit group working to inform the debate about the best long-term options for management of radioactive waste in Sweden. He leads the organization's work to review the Swedish nuclear industry's application for a permit for a final repository for spent nuclear fuel. He previously worked in the fields of energy, environment and global security at the Department of Physical Resource Theory at Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.

Masafumi Takubo (Japan) is an independent nuclear policy analyst based in Tokyo. He manages the nuclear information website Kakujoho [Nuclear Information], which he established in 2004. He was affiliated with the Japan Congress Against A-and H-Bombs (GENSUIKIN), a leading grass-roots organization for over thirty years, including as the Senior Researcher in the International Division and as a consultant. Takubo has written widely on Japanese nuclear policy, including on spent-nuclear fuel reprocessing.

Fumihiko Yoshida (Japan) is the Executive Director of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation and a visiting professor at the International Christian University. In 2012-2015 he served as a Deputy Director of the Editorial Board of the Asahi Shimbun (since 2012). He was also an editorial writer for the Asahi Shimbun with a special interest in nuclear weapons and nuclear energy issues. He is the author of Dismantling the Nuclear Age (in Japanese, 1995), and Century of Nuclear Deterrence (in Japanese, 2000) and Nuclear Weapons and the United States(in Japanese, 2009). He has a PhD in International Public Policy from Osaka University (2007). He served as a member of the Advisory Panel of Experts on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation for Japan's Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Hui Zhang (China) is a Senior Research Associate at the Project on Managing the Atom in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government. He received his Ph.D. (1996) in nuclear physics from Beijing and was a post-doctoral fellow at the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, Princeton University. His research focusses on nuclear arms control verification, fissile material safeguards and security, and nuclear fuel cycle and reprocessing policy.